英语:Also、 Too 、Either—“也”的用法

英语基础太差了,连这三个最简单的单词的用法也经常也搞不清楚。不过从今天开始,希望这将不再是问题。
这三个词都是“也”的意思,但在用法上有所不同:

Also

用法:
“Also” 用在肯定句中。
Examples:

  • Jane speaks French. Sam also speaks French.
  • I love chocolate. I also love pizza.
  • Frank can come with us. Nancy can also come with us.

位置
“Also”跟在 “to be.”之后。
Examples:

  • I am also Canadian.
  • I was also there.

除了跟在 “to be.”之后, “also” 应放在单个动词之前。
Examples:

  • I also sing.
  • He also helped us.

在复杂动词时态语句中, “also” 放在构成时态的第一部分之后,第二部分之前。
Examples:

  • I have also been to Hong Kong.
  • I am also studying economics.

同样, 由于情态动词通常紧接动词,”also” 应放在情态动词之后。
Examples:

  • I can also speak French.
  • I should also be there.

Too

用法
“Too” 用于肯定句,但一般放在名尾。
Examples:

  • Jane speaks French. Sam speaks French too.
  • I love chocolate. I love pizza too.
  • Frank can come with us. Nancy can come with us too.
  • I am Canadian too.
  • I can speak French too.
  • I am studying economics too.
  • If he wants to go too, he should meet us at 8:00.

注意:
尽管”too”通常情况下放在句子最后。但有时可以用逗号分隔后放在句子的主语之后。
Examples:

  • Mr. Jones wanted the contract. Ms. Jackson, too, thought it was necessary.
  • Donna is working on a solution to the problem. I, too, am trying to find a way to resolve the conflict.

Either

用法
“Either” 用在否定句中。
Examples:

  • Jane doesn’t speak French. Sam doesn’t speak French either.
  • I don’t love chocolate. I don’t love pizza either.
  • Frank cannot come with us. Nancy cannot come with us either.

位置
“Either” 通常放在句尾。
Examples:

  • I cannot speak French either.
  • I am not studying economics either.
  • I don’t want to eat either.
  • I didn’t like the movie either.

易混淆的情况

有时句子前部分是否定的,而含“也”的部分是肯定的。
Examples:

  • The weather wasn’t very appealing. I also wanted to stay home and finish my book. That’s why I didn’t go to the beach.
  • The car wasn’t expensive, and I needed a way to get around town too. That’s why I bought it.

有时句子前部分是肯定的,而含“也”的部分是否定的。
Examples:

    • Jane is too short. She is not a good athlete either. I don’t think she would make a good basketball player.
    • He is lazy. He doesn’t study either. That’s why he doesn’t do well in school.

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评论列表(3条)

  • QiuXianli
    QiuXianli 2008年10月13日 下午7:06

    :| 真仔细研究学问多多 呵呵

  • yacca
    yacca 2008年10月15日 下午6:53

    厄…英语

  • claire
    claire 2011年6月13日 上午8:37

    借我轉貼到我的空間 感謝